Pigeon Species Overview: Length, Width, and General Characteristics with Favoured Environment

Pigeons are an incredibly diverse group of birds. There are over 300 species of pigeons found all over the world. Pigeons can thrive in almost any environment, which makes them one of the most adaptable bird species on the planet.

Length and Width

The length and width of pigeons depend on their species. The smallest pigeon species is the New World ground dove, which is only about 6 inches long and weighs less than an ounce. The largest pigeon species is the Victoria crowned pigeon, which can be nearly a meter long and has a wingspan of up to 3 feet. Most other pigeon species fall somewhere in between in terms of length and width.

General Characteristics

All pigeons have a unique and distinct look. They have plump bodies, short necks, and small heads. One thing that sets pigeons apart from other birds is their ability to drink without lifting their heads. They have smooth, streamlined feathers and broad wings to help them glide through the air.

Pigeons have strong, powerful beaks which they use to crack open seeds and nuts. They also have excellent eyesight which allows them to navigate through different environments and find their way back to their nests.

Favoured Environment

Pigeons are found all over the world, from bustling cities to remote wilderness areas. They are one of the most adaptable birds on the planet and can thrive in almost any environment.

Many pigeon species prefer to live in urban environments, such as cities and towns, where there is an abundant source of food. These pigeons are often seen around parks and on city streets. In some areas, large flocks of pigeons have become a nuisance for locals.

Other pigeon species live in more remote environments, such as forests and grasslands. These pigeons are often well-camouflaged to protect them from predators. They also have a different diet, often preferring to eat fruits and insects instead of the seeds and nuts that urban pigeons eat.


Pigeons are fascinating birds that have adapted to almost every environment on the planet. Whether you live in a bustling city or a remote wilderness area, chances are that there is a pigeon species that calls it home. While some pigeon species may be seen as a nuisance by locals, there is no denying their unique beauty and adaptability.