American Eskimo Dog


American Eskimo Dog: A Comprehensive Guide

The American Eskimo Dog, also known as the Eskie, is a beautiful, intelligent, and loyal breed that has captured many hearts since its origination. With its fluffy coat, compact size, and lively personality, this breed has become a beloved companion and even a circus performer. In this article, we will explore the history, characteristics, health needs, grooming needs, trainability, exercise needs, and lifespan of the American Eskimo Dog to help you decide if this breed is right for you.

American Eskimo Dog History

Contrary to its name, the American Eskimo Dog does not originate from Alaska or any other Eskimo society. Instead, this breed traces its roots to Germany, where it was first bred in the 19th century. The name “Eskimo” was a term given by circuses that used the breed in their shows because of its bright white coat, which reminded them of the Arctic’s snow and ice. American Eskimo Dogs gained popularity in the United States in the late 19th century and by the 1920s, was recognized by the American Kennel Club as its own breed.

American Eskimo Dog Breed Characteristics

The American Eskimo Dog is known for being a small to medium-sized breed that weighs between 15 to 35 pounds, and stands 9 to 19 inches tall at the shoulder. Its thick coat comes in three different sizes, toy, miniature, and standard, and is always white or white with cream and biscuit markings. These dogs have a lively and affectionate personality, and they tend to get along well with other pets and children.

American Eskimo Dog Intelligence

The American Eskimo Dog is an intelligent and trainable breed that learns quickly with positive reinforcement training methods. This breed can learn and master many different commands and tricks, making them an excellent choice for owners who want to participate in obedience training or dog sports.

American Eskimo Dog Average Size

The size of an American Eskimo Dog varies depending on the size of the dog, with toy variations being the smallest and the standard variety being the largest. Toy American Eskimo Dogs usually weigh around 10 to 20 pounds and stand around 9 to 12 inches tall at the shoulder. Miniature American Eskimo Dogs weigh around 20 to 30 pounds and stand around 12 to 15 inches tall at the shoulder. The standard American Eskimo Dog weighs around 30 to 40 pounds and stands around 15 to 19 inches tall at the shoulder.

American Eskimo Dog Child Friendly

The American Eskimo Dog is known for being a child-friendly breed that is patient and affectionate. With proper socialization and training, this breed can become a loving and protective companion for children of all ages.

American Eskimo Dog Health Needs

The American Eskimo Dog is a relatively healthy breed, but like all breeds, they are susceptible to certain health issues. Some common health concerns for American Eskimo Dogs include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, and common skin allergies. Regular visits to the vet, a healthy diet and exercise, and appropriate grooming can help keep your American Eskimo Dog healthy.

American Eskimo Dog Grooming Needs

The American Eskimo Dog’s thick coat requires regular maintenance to keep it in good condition. This breed will need to be brushed at least once a week, more frequently if they live in a particularly dusty or dirty environment. They will also need to be bathed every few months, and their nails will need to be trimmed regularly. Finally, ear cleaning and teeth brushing should be done weekly to reduce the risk of infection.

American Eskimo Dog Amount of Shedding

The American Eskimo Dog is known for shedding heavily twice a year during shedding season but sheds moderately the rest of the year. Due to their heavy shedding during shedding season, they will need more frequent brushing to prevent matting and tangles.

American Eskimo Dog Trainability

Due to their high intelligence and eagerness to please, American Eskimo Dogs are highly trainable and can excel in obedience, agility, and other dog sports. These dogs are best trained with positive reinforcement methods, such as treats and verbal praise.

American Eskimo Dog Exercise Needs

The American Eskimo Dog has moderate to high exercise requirements and should receive at least 30 minutes of physical activity daily. This breed enjoys playing fetch, running, and going for walks or hikes, making it an excellent choice for active owners.

American Eskimo Dog Average Lifespan

The average lifespan of an American Eskimo Dog is 12 to 15 years, making it a great companion for those looking for a long-term commitment.


The American Eskimo Dog is a wonderful breed that is intelligent, trainable, and affectionate. With its beautiful white coat, lively personality, and child-friendly demeanor, this breed makes for an excellent companion. While they have some unique grooming needs and moderate exercise requirements, these can easily be managed with proper care and attention. If you’re looking for an adorable and loyal companion with a sweet temperament, the American Eskimo Dog may be the perfect addition to your family.