Bắc Hà dog


Bắc Hà Dog – A Companion for Life

Bắc Hà dog, also known as the Hmong dog, is a rare breed native to Vietnam. Unlike most other breeds, Bắc Hà dogs have been isolated from foreign breeds since its origin. They are hunters and guardians, prized by the Hmong farmers as working dogs. In this article, we will delve into the history, characteristics, and needs of the Bắc Hà dog.

Bắc Hà Dog History

Bắc Hà dogs have been used by the Hmong people for at least a thousand years. They are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and hunting instincts. The Hmong people select only the best dogs and breed them to maintain their purebred DNA.

The breed only started gaining attention from the outside world in the early 1990s, and they were first recognized by the Vietnamese government in 2004. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) declared the Bắc Hà dog to be one of the rarest dog breeds in the world, with as few as 200 dogs remaining.

Bắc Hà Dog Breed Characteristics

The Bắc Hà dog is medium-sized, with a muscular build and a thick coat of fur that can vary in color from black, brown, and white. They are known for their agility, speed, and powerful bite force. They are also very protective of their loved ones and can be fierce towards strangers. It is important to note that socialization from a young age can help them adapt better to new people and environments.

Bắc Hà Dog Intelligence

Bắc Hà dogs are highly intelligent and trainable. They are quick learners and have excellent problem-solving skills. They thrive when given a task to perform and appreciate mental stimulation. However, being highly intelligent can also mean that they can become bored and destructive if not given enough attention or mental stimulation.

Bắc Hà Dog Average Size

The Bắc Hà dog is a medium-sized breed, with an average weight range of 20 – 30 kg and a height range of 50 – 60 cm.

Bắc Hà Dog Child-Friendly

Bắc Hà dogs can be great with children, but as with any dog, it is important to supervise interactions between dogs and children. They may be overprotective and can mistake playful behavior as a threat.

Bắc Hà Dog Health Needs

Bắc Hà dogs are generally healthy and have no major health problems. However, as with all breeds, they are prone to certain health issues, such as hip dysplasia, so regular vet checks are important.

Bắc Hà Dog Grooming Needs

The Bắc Hà dog has a dense double coat that sheds heavily twice a year. They should be brushed regularly to keep their fur clean and prevent matting. Bathing is recommended when necessary, typically every two to three months.

Bắc Hà Dog Amount of Shedding

Bắc Hà dogs are prone to heavy shedding during seasonal changes. Regular grooming can help manage shedding, but be prepared to have dog hair around the house.

Bắc Hà Dog Trainability

Given their intelligence and willingness to please, Bắc Hà dogs are easy to train. They are known to be excellent hunters and have a strong sense of smell.

Bắc Hà Dog Exercise Needs

Bắc Hà dogs are an active breed that needs regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom. They need plenty of playtime or long walks every day to stay happy and healthy.

Bắc Hà Dog Average Lifespan

The Bắc Hà dog has a lifespan of around 12-16 years, with proper care and nutrition, they can live a longer, healthy life.


In conclusion, Bắc Hà dog is an intelligent and loyal breed that has been a staple to Hmong farmers in Vietnam for centuries. They make excellent hunters, companions, and guardians and are good with children, provided they are socialized from a young age. They have a few needs, such as regular grooming, exercise, and mental stimulation, but their loyalty and trainability make them a worthy addition to any family.