Basque Shepherd Dog


The Basque Shepherd Dog, commonly referred to as Euskal Artzain Txakurra, is a breed of dog that originated in the Basque region of Spain. These dogs were primarily bred to herd their sheep flocks through the steep mountains and rugged terrain of the Basque Country. They are famed for their loyalty and protective nature towards their herds and their masters.

Basque Shepherd Dog History

The Basque Shepherd Dog is a very old breed that has been around for centuries. This breed was developed to meet the needs of the shepherds and farmers of the Basque Country. As the Basque Country is known for its mountains and unpredictable weather, the shepherds needed a dog that was tough enough to handle the terrain and protect the flocks from predators. The Basque Shepherd Dog was the perfect solution.

Basque Shepherd Dog Breed Characteristics

The Basque Shepherd Dog is a medium-sized dog that has a muscular, well-built body and a dense, thick coat. The coat is usually black or brown with white markings on the chest and around the face. This breed has triangular ears that stand up and a tail that hangs down.

One of the most notable characteristics of the Basque Shepherd Dog is its loyalty and protectiveness towards its family. They are highly intelligent and have a strong instinct to protect their family from any perceived dangers. Although they have a fierce protective instinct, they are very loyal and affectionate to their family and make great companions.

Basque Shepherd Dog Intelligence

The Basque Shepherd Dog is known for its high level of intelligence. These dogs are quick learners and are very responsive to training. They have exceptional problem-solving skills and can think on their feet, making them excellent working dogs.

Basque Shepherd Dog Average Size

The Basque Shepherd Dog is a medium-sized breed that typically weighs between 45 to 65 pounds and stands between 19 and 25 inches tall.

Basque Shepherd Dog Child Friendly

Basque Shepherd Dogs are known to be great with children. They are gentle and affectionate towards kids, making them excellent family dogs. However, as with any breed, it is important to supervise interactions between dogs and children to ensure safety.

Basque Shepherd Dog Health Needs

Like any breed, Basque Shepherd Dogs are susceptible to certain health issues. It is important to note that this breed is predisposed to hip dysplasia, a condition that affects the hips and can lead to arthritis and other joint problems. They are also prone to ear infections, so it’s important to clean their ears regularly to avoid any issues.

Basque Shepherd Dog Grooming Needs

The Basque Shepherd Dog has a thick, double coat that sheds frequently throughout the year. Regular grooming is needed to keep the coat healthy and shiny. Brushing the coat regularly will help remove any loose hair and prevent matting. They only need to be bathed occasionally as not to strip the natural oils from their coat.

Basque Shepherd Dog Amount Of Shedding

The Basque Shepherd Dog has a thick coat and sheds frequently throughout the year. Daily brushing can help reduce the amount of shedding.

Basque Shepherd Dog Trainability

Basque Shepherd Dogs are highly trainable due to their high intelligence and responsive nature. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods and excel in obedience, agility, and herding competitions.

Basque Shepherd Dog Exercise Needs

The Basque Shepherd Dog is an active breed that requires daily exercise. They need at least 30 minutes of physical activity per day to maintain their health and prevent boredom. These dogs enjoy a good run and love to explore their surroundings.

Basque Shepherd Dog Average Lifespan

The average lifespan of the Basque Shepherd Dog is between 12 to 14 years if proper care is provided. Regular exercise, good nutrition, and regular vet check-ups are crucial for ensuring that they live a long and healthy life.


The Basque Shepherd Dog is a unique and fascinating breed of dog that is well-adapted to life in the rugged mountains of the Basque Country. They are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and protective nature, making them great companions and working dogs. Although they have certain health needs, with proper care and attention, they can live long healthy lives. If you are considering adding a Basque Shepherd Dog to your family, be sure you have the time and resources to offer them plenty of exercise, grooming and training, allowing them to live their best life as a cherished family member.