Canadian Eskimo Dog


Canadian Eskimo Dog: A Fiercely Loyal Companion

For centuries, the Canadian Eskimo Dog has been a loyal companion to the indigenous people of northern Canada. Bred to excel at pulling sleds across the tundra, these dogs are strong, intelligent, and fiercely independent. Despite being considered a rare breed, their loyal nature and stunning appearance make them a popular choice for those looking for a unique pet. In this article, let’s take a closer look at the history, characteristics, and care needs of the Canadian Eskimo Dog.

Canadian Eskimo Dog History

The Canadian Eskimo Dog originates from the Canadian Arctic, where it was bred by the Inuit people for its ability to pull heavy loads across the frozen tundra. The breed played an important role in Inuit culture, serving as a companion, hunting partner, and a source of food and clothing. In the early 20th century, European explorers recognized the breed’s value and began to explore the Arctic with Canadian Eskimo Dogs as their guide. Unfortunately, with the advent of snowmobiles and other motor vehicles, the breed faced a decline. Today, the Canadian Eskimo Dog is listed as a rare breed, with only a few hundred dogs remaining.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Breed Characteristics

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a large, muscular breed with a thick, double coat designed to withstand the harsh Arctic climate. Their coat can come in a variety of colors, including white, black, and gray. They have a wedge-shaped head with round, dark eyes and erect ears. Males can weigh up to 110 pounds, while females are slightly smaller, weighing around 90 pounds. Although they are bred for sledding, Canadian Eskimo Dogs make loyal and affectionate family pets.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Intelligence

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a highly intelligent breed, with a strong work ethic and the ability to problem-solve. They require mental stimulation in addition to physical exercise, and thrive when given tasks to complete. They are fiercely independent, so early socialization and training are essential to prevent behavior problems.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Average Size

As previously mentioned, the Canadian Eskimo Dog is a large breed, with males weighing up to 110 pounds and females around 90 pounds. They stand between 20 and 27 inches at the shoulder.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Child Friendly

Canadian Eskimo Dogs can make great family pets, but due to their size and strength, it is essential to supervise interactions with children. They are generally good with kids, but like all dogs, they require training and socialization to ensure they behave appropriately around young children.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Health Needs

Like all breeds, the Canadian Eskimo Dog can be prone to certain health issues. These may include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, and cataracts. It’s essential to purchase a puppy from a reputable breeder who health tests their dogs and can provide certification of good health. Regular veterinary visits and preventative care are also necessary to keep your dog healthy.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Grooming Needs

The Canadian Eskimo Dog’s thick coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and skin issues. They shed heavily twice a year, so during these times, daily brushing is necessary. Otherwise, weekly brushing and regular baths can keep their coat healthy and clean.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Amount Of Shedding

As previously mentioned, the Canadian Eskimo Dog sheds heavily twice a year. During these shedding periods, regular brushing can help control the amount of hair in your home. They will also shed lightly throughout the year, so weekly brushing is necessary for their coat health.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Trainability

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is an independent breed, which can make them seem stubborn during training. However, with patience and consistency, they can learn quickly and excel at obedience, agility, and other tasks. Strong leadership and a clear understanding of positive reinforcement training are essential.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Exercise Needs

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a highly active breed that requires daily exercise. They were bred for pulling sleds across the tundra, so they thrive when given a job to do. Long walks, jogging, and hiking are great ways to exercise your Canadian Eskimo Dog.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Average Lifespan

The Canadian Eskimo Dog has an average lifespan of 10-12 years, which is on par with other breeds of their size. Providing your dog with a healthy diet, regular veterinary care, and plenty of exercise can help ensure they live a long, healthy life.


The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a unique and striking breed that makes a loyal companion for the right owner. They require a lot of exercise, grooming, and training, but for those who are willing to commit, they can make an excellent addition to a family. If you’re interested in purchasing a Canadian Eskimo Dog, be sure to do your research, find a reputable breeder, and be prepared for the responsibility that comes with owning a dog.