Rat Terrier dog


Rat Terrier dog: A Jack Of All Trades

The Rat Terrier dog breed is a versatile, all-in-one dog that has hunted, guarded, and served as a cherished pet for generations in the United States. This small dog breed has a fascinating history and possesses a unique set of breed characteristics that make them an excellent pet for small and large families alike. In this article, we’ll explore everything you need to know about the Rat Terrier dog breed, from their history to their average lifespan.

Rat Terrier dog History

The Rat Terrier dog breed, as the name suggests, was originally bred to hunt rats and other small rodents in the farms and homes of early America. As such, the breed evolved over time to become an excellent hunter, specializing in small game and vermin.

In addition to their hunting prowess, they also functioned as watchdogs and general farm helpers, performing a wide range of tasks on the farm. Their versatility made them popular among American farmers, particularly in the South and Midwest.

Rat Terrier dog Breed Characteristics

Rat Terriers are small dogs that vary in size depending on the type of Rat Terrier. Most are 10-25 pounds, and they come in a variety of colors, including black and white, brown and white, tricolor, and more.

They have short hair that requires minimal grooming, erect ears, and a slightly curved tail. Overall, they have a muscular, athletic build that allows them to be excellent hunters and active dogs.

Rat Terrier dog Intelligence

Rat Terriers are highly intelligent dogs that can learn a wide range of tasks and tricks with ease. They are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. Their intelligence makes them an ideal candidate for obedience training, agility training, and other dog sports.

Rat Terrier dog Average Size

Most Rat Terriers are between 10-25 pounds and are about 10-18 inches tall at the shoulder.

Rat Terrier dog Child Friendly

Rat Terriers are a great choice for families with children. They are playful, affectionate, and love human attention. They are excellent playmates for children and are gentle enough to be around small kids.

Rat Terrier dog Health Needs

Rat Terriers are a generally healthy breed with few health concerns. Some common health issues to watch out for include allergies, dental problems, and patellar luxation.

Rat Terrier dog Grooming Needs

Rat Terriers have a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming. Weekly brushing and occasional bathing are all that’s needed to keep their coat looking healthy.

Rat Terrier dog Amount Of Shedding

Rat Terriers are low shedders and are considered hypoallergenic. They produce very little dander and are a great choice for people with allergies.

Rat Terrier dog Trainability

Rat Terriers are highly trainable dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement methods. Early socialization and obedience training are essential to ensure they grow up to be well-behaved and social dogs.

Rat Terrier dog Exercise Needs

Rat Terriers are active dogs that require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. They enjoy playing fetch, going for walks, and running around in the backyard.

Rat Terrier dog Average Lifespan

The average lifespan of a Rat Terrier is 15-18 years, making them a long-lived breed.


In conclusion, Rat Terriers are a versatile and intelligent breed that make an excellent pet for families, farmers, and hunters alike. They have a fascinating history, are easy to groom, and require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. With their playful and affectionate nature, they are an ideal companion for young and old alike.