Schipperke dog


Schipperke dog: A Comprehensive Guide

Dog lovers are always on the lookout for a breed that suits their lifestyle and personality. The Schipperke dog, also known as the “little captain” due to its Belgian origins as a canal dog, is a small yet dynamic breed that radiates an intelligence and energy that keeps owners captivated. Schipperke dogs are known for their vivacious character, remarkable loyalty, and unconditional love towards their human companions. In this article, we will discuss the history, personality, and characteristics of the Schipperke dog, along with essential information on their health needs, grooming, training, and exercise requirements.

Schipperke dog History

The Schipperke dog is a Belgian breed with a history dating back to the 16th century. Originally bred as a canal dog to guard boats and catch vermin, the Schipperke dog has evolved into a beloved companion pet. Due to their nimble nature, Schipperke dogs were commonly used in cobbling shops and lace-making factories in Belgium. The breed’s popularity gained traction after Queen Marie-Henriette of Belgium took a liking to the breed in the early 19th century. The American Kennel Club recognized the Schipperke dog in 1904.

Schipperke dog Breed Characteristics

Schipperke dogs weigh between 7-20 pounds and stand at 10-13 inches tall. They are known for their fluffy coat, which is double-layered and usually black or sable in color. Schipperke dogs have a distinct fox-like face, small pointed ears, and a curled tail. They are lively, intelligent, and fiercely loyal to their owners. Schipperke dogs are also highly independent and can be stubborn at times.

Schipperke dog Intelligence

Schipperke dogs are renowned for their high intelligence and remarkable problem-solving skills. They are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. The Schipperke dog’s sharp mind and swift reaction time make them excellent watchdogs. They are fearless and not afraid to protect their owners from perceived threats.

Schipperke dog Average Size

Schipperke dogs are small to medium-sized, with males weighing between 10-20 pounds and females weighing between 7-15 pounds. Their height ranges between 10-13 inches.

Schipperke dog Child Friendly

Schipperke dogs are great with children and make excellent family pets. Their energetic nature makes them perfect playmates for children. They are loyal and protective of their human pack and will defend their loved ones when necessary.

Schipperke dog Health Needs

Schipperke dogs are generally a healthy breed, but like all dogs, they are prone to certain health issues. Common health concerns for Schipperke dogs include hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, progressive retinal atrophy, and autoimmune diseases. Regular veterinarian check-ups and a balanced diet are necessary to maintain their health and wellbeing.

Schipperke dog Grooming Needs

Schipperke dogs have a double-layered coat that requires weekly grooming. Their dense coat protects them from harsh weather conditions, but it can also collect dirt and debris. Regular brushing and occasional bathing are recommended to maintain their coat’s health and shine. They are not frequent shedders, but they do shed seasonally.

Schipperke dog Amount Of Shedding

Schipperke dogs shed moderately and seasonally. They usually shed their coat twice a year when transitioning from winter to summer and vice versa. Proper grooming and regular brushing can minimize shedding.

Schipperke dog Trainability

Schipperke dogs are intelligent and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. They are independent and can be stubborn at times, so early socialization and consistent training are essential to maintain their obedience and good behavior. Schipperke dogs should also be trained on leash to prevent them from chasing small animals.

Schipperke dog Exercise Needs

Schipperke dogs are high-energy dogs that require daily exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. A 30-minute brisk walk or jog, along with playtime in the backyard, can provide sufficient exercise. Engaging them in interactive toys and challenges can also keep them mentally stimulated and prevent boredom.

Schipperke dog Average Lifespan

Schipperke dogs have an average lifespan of 12-16 years, making them a long-lived breed. Proper care and regular veterinarian check-ups can extend their lifespan.


Schipperke dogs are a unique breed with a rich history and personality. Their high intelligence, loyalty, and vivacious nature make them excellent companions for families and individuals alike. Understanding their grooming, training, exercise, and health needs can ensure a happy and healthy life for your Schipperke dog.