Taiwan Dog


Taiwan Dog: The Ultimate Guide

Taiwan Dog, also known as Formosan Mountain Dog, is a breed native to Taiwan and is considered one of the rarest breeds in the world. Not much is known about the history of these dogs, but they are believed to have descended from South-East Asian dogs brought to Taiwan around 10,000 years ago. Today, the Taiwan Dog is recognized by the United Kennel Club and is gaining popularity in other parts of the world. In this article, we will take a closer look at the history, characteristics, health needs, and more about the Taiwan Dog.

Taiwan Dog History

As mentioned earlier, the exact origins of the Taiwan Dog are shrouded in mystery. It is believed that the breed developed naturally on the island of Taiwan, as there are no records of them being brought to the island by humans. The Taiwan Dog was used by indigenous tribes for hunting and as a protector of their homes. During the Japanese occupation of Taiwan, the breed almost went extinct due to the Japanese government’s policy of destroying all dogs without a specific purpose. Fortunately, the breed survived, and today, organizations are working to preserve the Taiwan Dog as a cultural heritage.

Taiwan Dog Breed Characteristics

Taiwan Dogs are medium-sized canines with a muscular and athletic build. They have a thick double coat that comes in a variety of colors, including black, white, tan, and brown. These dogs have a wedge-shaped head, upright ears, and a long, curved tail. They have a confident and alert expression, which makes them excellent watchdogs.

Taiwan Dog Intelligence

Taiwan Dogs are known for their high level of intelligence. They are quick learners and can be easily trained if handled with patience and consistency. These dogs are also intelligent problem-solvers and are known to be able to open gates and doors to escape. Due to their high intelligence, they require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

Taiwan Dog Average Size

Taiwan Dogs are medium-sized dogs, with an average height of 18-22 inches and a weight of 30-45 pounds. They have a muscular build and athletic body composition, which makes them well-suited for their historical roles as hunters and protectors.

Taiwan Dog Child Friendly

Taiwan Dogs are very affectionate and bond closely with their families. They are generally good with children, but as with all dogs, should always be supervised when interacting with young children.

Taiwan Dog Health Needs

Taiwan Dogs are generally healthy dogs with few breed-specific health problems. However, like all dogs, they can develop common health issues such as hip dysplasia and dental problems. As with all dogs, regular veterinary check-ups are essential to maintain good health.

Taiwan Dog Grooming Needs

Taiwan Dogs have a double coat that sheds moderately throughout the year and heavily during shedding season. Regular brushing is necessary to keep their coat healthy and prevent matting. They only need to be bathed occasionally, as frequent bathing can strip their coat’s natural oils.

Taiwan Dog Amount Of Shedding

Taiwan Dogs shed moderately year-round and heavily during shedding season. Regular brushing can help to minimize shedding, but it cannot be prevented entirely. As with all breeds, regular grooming is important to maintain healthy skin and coat.

Taiwan Dog Trainability

Taiwan Dogs are intelligent and quick learners. However, as with all dogs, training requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. These dogs respond well to praise and rewards, and they thrive on human interaction.

Taiwan Dog Exercise Needs

Taiwan Dogs are active and energetic dogs that require daily exercise to maintain good health. These dogs enjoy a variety of activities, including long walks, hiking, and playtime in a fenced yard. They also enjoy mental stimulation, such as puzzle toys and interactive games.

Taiwan Dog Average Lifespan

The average lifespan of a Taiwan Dog is 12-15 years. With proper care, nutrition, and exercise, these dogs can live long, healthy lives.


The Taiwan Dog is a unique breed with an interesting history and remarkable characteristics. With their high intelligence, athleticism, and affectionate nature, they make excellent companions if given the proper care, exercise, and attention. While these dogs are still relatively rare outside of Taiwan, their popularity is starting to grow, and they are sure to win over the hearts of dog lovers around the world.