Castillonnais Horse


The Castillonnais Horse is one of the oldest and most versatile French horse breeds. This breed is known for its sturdy and muscular physique, calm temperament and its ability to adapt to different terrains and climatic conditions. In this article, we will delve deeper into the history, temperament, characteristics, lifespan, colors, and health of the Castillonnais Horse.

Castillonnais Horse History

The Castillonnais Horse originated in the Pyrenees Mountains of France in the 13th century. They were mainly used for agricultural purposes, such as carrying heavy loads of grain and plowing fields. The breed’s excellent endurance and strength made it highly suitable for mountainous terrains. During World War I and II, Castillonnais Horses were used as pack animals to carry equipment and supplies to soldiers in the mountains.

Despite the breed’s historical significance, its population decreased during the 20th century due to the increasing use of tractors and machinery in agriculture. Fortunately, in the 1990s, a breeders’ association was created to preserve the Castillonnais Horse. Today, the breed has a small but growing population, with around 700 horses in France.

Castillonnais Horse Temperament

The Castillonnais Horse is known for its docile and good-natured temperament. These horses are easy to manage and will willingly obey their owners. They are also intelligent and quick learners, making them suitable for both novice and experienced horse owners.

Castillonnais Horse Height

The average height of a Castillonnais Horse is between 14 and 15 hands high (56-60 inches). However, some can grow up to 16 hands high (64 inches)!

Castillonnais Horse Characteristics

The Castillonnais Horse is a muscular and sturdy breed with a broad chest, short neck, and short but strong legs. Their head is typically square shaped with a broad forehead. They have small ears, and their eyes are expressive and kind. The breed also has a long and thick tail and mane, adding to their majestic appearance.

Castillonnais Horse Lifespan

The Castillonnais Horse has a lifespan of around 25 years on average. With proper care and attention, they can live longer and continue to be active in their later years.

Castillonnais Horse Colors

The Castillonnais Horse typically comes in various shades of bay, black, chestnut, and gray. Some also have a white star on their forehead and white socks on their legs.

Castillonnais Horse Health

The Castillonnais Horse is generally a healthy breed, with no known specific health issues. However, all horses require proper care and attention, including regular feeding, exercise, and veterinary check-ups.

It is essential to note that the breed requires sufficient exercise daily, regardless of its purpose. Owners must ensure their horses have enough space to move and graze. They should also provide a well-balanced diet, clean water, and regular grooming to maintain their coat and overall health.


The Castillonnais Horse is a versatile and hardworking breed with a fascinating history. Though it has faced several setbacks, its breeding association’s efforts have ensured its survival. The breed’s calm temperament, endearing characteristics, and ability to adapt to various terrains make it a popular choice among horse lovers. As such, this breed remains a valuable asset for farmers as well as for leisure riding and other equestrian activities.