Giara Horse

Giara Horse: A Look at Italy’s Wild Horses

Giara Horse History

The Giara Horse is a breed that is indigenous to the Island of Sardinia, located in the Mediterranean Sea. These horses are believed to have been living on the island for over five thousand years, where they have adapted to the harsh conditions of the island’s terrain. They are said to have come to the island during the Bronze Age, where they were likely used by the Nuragic people for transportation and agriculture. However, it is not clear how or when the horses became completely wild.

Giara Horse Temperament

The Giara Horse is known for its friendly and docile temperament. Although not domesticated, they have been living near human settlements for thousands of years and are accustomed to human presence. They have been known to approach humans and are easily handled by trained individuals. However, they are still wild animals and should be approached with caution.

Giara Horse Height

The Giara Horse is a small breed of horse, standing between 12 and 13 hands high at the withers. A hand is a unit of measurement commonly used in horse breeding which is equal to four inches. Despite their small stature, the Giara Horse is still a strong animal, able to withstand the harsh conditions of the island.

Giara Horse Characteristics

The Giara Horse has a distinct appearance, with a short and stocky build. They have a broad and muscular chest, a short neck, and small, sturdy legs. Their coat color can range from light grey to bay or black, and they have a long, thick mane and tail. However, there are no distinguishing physical characteristics that differentiate one Giara Horse from another.

Giara Horse Lifespan

The lifespan of the Giara Horse varies and is largely dependent on their life in the wild. When left to fend for themselves without human intervention, the horses can live up to twenty years or more. However, they are often subject to predation and disease, which can significantly reduce their lifespan. When under the care of humans, the lifespan of the Giara Horse is typically longer, with some living up to thirty years or more.

Giara Horse Colors

The Giara Horse can come in a variety of coat colors, ranging from light grey to bay or black. The light grey color is the most common, while the bay and black colors are rare. The coat color of the Giara Horse can change throughout the year, with the coat becoming lighter in the summer and darker in the winter.

Giara Horse Health

The Giara Horse is a healthy breed, with a strong immune system that allows them to thrive in the harsh conditions of the island. They are able to withstand extreme temperatures and are resistant to many common equine diseases. However, they are susceptible to certain diseases such as pneumonia, which can be deadly if not treated promptly.


In conclusion, the Giara Horse is an important part of Italy’s equine heritage and a remarkable breed in its own right. Their long history on the island of Sardinia has allowed them to adapt to the harsh conditions of the island, making them resilient and sturdy animals. They have a friendly temperament, making them approachable by humans, but they are still wild animals and should be handled with caution. Despite their wild nature, their existence on the island is threatened due to habitat loss and human encroachment, making their preservation an important conservation effort.