Jeju horse Horse

Jeju Horse History

The Jeju horse, also known as the Jeju Pony, is a small horse breed indigenous to Jeju Island, off the southern coast of South Korea. It is a hardy breed that has been used for centuries for transportation, agricultural work, and even military purposes. The breed’s origins can be traced back to the 13th century, when Mongolian horses were brought to the island. Over time, the horses developed into the Jeju breed through selective breeding and adaptation to the harsh island environment.

At one point in history, the Jeju horse population was endangered due to government policies that sought to replace the breed with tractors and other agricultural machinery. However, dedicated enthusiasts worked to preserve the breed by establishing a breeding program in the mid-20th century. Today, the Jeju horse is recognized as a protected heritage breed and is a symbol of Jeju Island.

Jeju Horse Temperament

The Jeju horse is known for its gentle and docile temperament. It is a highly sociable breed that thrives in the company of both humans and other horses. They are affectionate and easy to handle, making them an ideal choice for novice riders and children. In addition, Jeju horses are intelligent and easy to train, making them popular in equestrian sports such as dressage and jumping.

Jeju Horse Height

Jeju horses are classified as a small horse breed. They stand between 12 and 14 hands (48 to 56 inches) tall at the shoulder, with a weight ranging from 440 to 660 pounds. Despite their small size, they are muscular and strong and can handle heavy loads and rough terrain.

Jeju Horse Characteristics

The Jeju horse is known for its adorable appearance, with a small head, short neck, and a thick, long mane and tail. They come in a variety of colors, including bay, chestnut, black, gray, and palomino. Their legs are short and sturdy, with strong hooves that are well-suited for the rocky terrain of Jeju Island.

Jeju Horse Lifespan

Jeju horses have a relatively long lifespan, with an average age of 30 to 40 years. They are hardy and resilient and can withstand harsh weather conditions, as well as periods of food scarcity. With proper care and nutrition, Jeju horses can lead healthy, active lives well into their golden years.

Jeju Horse Colors

The Jeju horse comes in a variety of colors, including bay, chestnut, black, gray, and palomino. The most common color is chestnut, which is a reddish-brown color with a white mane and tail. Other colors, such as black and gray, are much rarer and are considered more valuable among breeders.

Jeju Horse Health

Jeju horses are known for their hardiness and resilience. They are well-adapted to the rocky terrain of Jeju Island and can withstand harsh weather conditions. They are also resistant to many common equine illnesses, such as colic and hoof diseases. However, like all breeds, Jeju horses can be susceptible to certain health issues, such as dental problems and skin diseases. Proper care and nutrition are essential for maintaining the health and well-being of Jeju horses. Regular grooming, dental check-ups, and vaccination schedules are important for ensuring that these beautiful creatures remain healthy and happy.


The Jeju horse is a beloved symbol of Jeju Island and a proud heritage breed of Korea. With its gentle temperament, adorable appearance, and hardy disposition, it is no wonder that this breed has become a favorite among equestrians around the world. As these gentle creatures continue to be protected and cherished, we can look forward to a bright and vibrant future for the Jeju horse breed.