Kalmyk horse

Kalmyk Horse: The History and Characteristics of a Rare Breed

The Kalmyk horse is a rare breed with an intriguing history. Originating in the Kalmyk steppe region of Russia, these horses were primarily used for transportation and warfare. Today, the Kalmyk horse is beginning to gain popularity as an excellent riding horse, with a sweet disposition and a unique appearance.

Kalmyk Horse History

The Kalmyk breed dates back to the 17th century, originating in the Kalmyk steppe region of Russia. This breed was primarily used for transportation, as they were able to cover great distances over the grassy terrain, but they were also used in warfare. In the early 20th century, the Russian government confiscated Kalmyk horses to use for military purposes, and the breed nearly went extinct. After World War II, a small group of purebred Kalmyk horses was found and used to reintroduce the breed.

Kalmyk Horse Temperament

The Kalmyk horse is known for its gentle personality, making it a great riding horse. These horses are intelligent, responsive, and willing to please their owners. They are also known for their courage, which was important in their historical use as a war horse. The Kalmyk horse has a strong affinity for humans, making them great companions and easy to train.

Kalmyk Horse Height

The Kalmyk horse is a medium-sized horse, typically standing between 14.2 and 15.2 hands high. They have a sturdy build, with a deep chest and strong legs. The Kalmyk horse is a good choice for riders of different sizes and abilities, as they are easy to handle and ride.

Kalmyk Horse Characteristics

The Kalmyk horse is a unique breed with several distinctive characteristics. One of the most striking features is the breed’s long mane and tail. Kalmyk horses also have strong, muscular bodies, as well as a broad chest and powerful hindquarters. They possess a smooth gait and are naturally balanced horses, making them a great choice for dressage and other riding disciplines.

Kalmyk Horse Lifespan

Kalmyk horses have a life expectancy of around 25-30 years, depending on their health and care. They are generally very healthy horses, with few breed-related health concerns. Kalmyk horses should be given regular check-ups and vaccinations, as well as proper nutrition and exercise, to ensure a long and healthy life.

Kalmyk Horse Colors

The Kalmyk horse is known for its unique coat colors, which include gray, black, bay, chestnut, and dun. They can also have white markings on their faces and legs, adding to their beauty and individuality. The Kalmyk horse’s coat is fine and glossy, making them a stunning breed to look at.

Kalmyk Horse Health

Kalmyk horses are generally healthy, with few breed-specific health concerns. However, like any horse, they are susceptible to conditions such as colic, lameness, and respiratory infections. Kalmyk horses should be given regular check-ups by a veterinarian, with vaccinations and deworming done as recommended. Owners should also provide proper nutrition and exercise, as well as a clean and safe living environment, to ensure the horse’s health and well-being.


The Kalmyk horse is a rare and unique breed with a rich history and beautiful characteristics. They are known for their gentle nature, making them perfect for riders of different ages and abilities. With proper care, Kalmyk horses can live long and healthy lives, bringing joy and companionship to their owners. Whether used in riding disciplines or simply as a companion, the Kalmyk horse is a stunning breed warranting recognition and respect.