Orlov Trotter Horse

Orlov Trotter Horse: History, Temperament, Height, Characteristics, Lifespan, Colors, and Health

Orlov Trotter, also known as Orlovskaya Rysistaya, is a versatile horse breed that originates from Russia. This breed has an interesting story that dates back to the 18th century. The Orlov Trotter was developed as a carriage and light draft horse for the Russian aristocracy. This breed was named after its creator, Count Alexei Orlov, who was a prominent member of the aristocracy and an avid horse breeder.

Orlov Trotter Horse History

The Orlov Trotter horse breed was created in the late 18th century by Count Alexei Orlov, who was an accomplished horse breeder. He wanted to create a breed of horse that would excel at both racing and carriage duty. He started with a mixture of Arabian, Barb and Thoroughbred bloodlines. He selectively bred these horses until he developed the Orlov Trotter horse.

In the early 19th century, the Orlov Trotter became the primary horse for the Russian Imperial Court. It was thought to be the most beautiful and versatile horse breed. This breed was also used for transportation by the wealthy. Although the Orlov Trotter was originally bred for its speed and stamina, it quickly became a multi-purpose horse that was used for racing, jumping, dressage, and the military.

Orlov Trotter Horse Temperament

The Orlov Trotter is a very intelligent and trainable horse breed. It has a calm and gentle temperament, which makes it easy to handle. These horses are highly social and enjoy interacting with their owners and other horses. They are also known for their versatility and can be trained to excel in a variety of disciplines, including racing, jumping, dressage, and eventing.

Orlov Trotter Horse Height

The average height of an Orlov Trotter horse is around 15 to 16 hands high. However, some horses can reach up to 17 hands high. These horses have a strong and muscular build, which makes them well-suited for carrying heavy loads and performing high-speed tasks.

Orlov Trotter Horse Characteristics

The Orlov Trotter is a strong and powerful breed with a distinctive appearance. It is known for its large head, long neck, and deep chest. These horses also have a long and flowing mane and tail. The breed has a smooth, rhythmic trot that is highly coveted by carriage drivers. It also has a high head carriage, which adds to its regal and elegant appearance.

Orlov Trotter Horse Lifespan

The average lifespan of an Orlov Trotter horse is around 25 years. With proper care and nutrition, these horses can live well into their 30s.

Orlov Trotter Horse Colors

The Orlov Trotter horse breed can come in a variety of colors, including bay, chestnut, gray, and black. Some horses also have white markings on their legs, face, or body.

Orlov Trotter Horse Health

The Orlov Trotter is a strong and healthy breed that is not prone to many health issues. However, like all horses, they are susceptible to certain health conditions, such as laminitis, colic, and respiratory problems. It is important to provide proper nutrition, regular veterinary care, and exercise for these horses to maintain their health and wellness.


The Orlov Trotter horse breed is a versatile and elegant breed that has a rich history in Russia. They were developed for the Russian aristocracy and were used for racing, light draft work, and transportation. Today, they are still highly valued for their versatility and gentle temperament. These horses are excellent for a variety of activities, including carriage driving, racing, jumping, and dressage. With their great beauty and robust health, they are a delight to own and care for.