Przewalski’s horse

Przewalski’s Horse: The Last Wild Horse

Przewalski’s horse, also known as the Asiatic wild horse, is the only surviving wild horse species in the world. Despite being a small and sturdy horse, they have a fascinating history that spans back to the prehistoric era. In this article, we will explore the history, temperament, height, characteristics, lifespan, colors, and health of Przewalski’s horse.

Przewalski’s Horse History

The Przewalski’s horse was named after the Russian explorer, Nikolay Przewalski, who discovered them in the Gobi Desert in the late 19th century. During their early existence, they were found in areas ranging from Mongolia to the Caspian Sea. Unfortunately, during the 20th century, they became excessively hunted and domesticated, leading them to be extinct in the wild by the 1970s.

Fortunately, breeding programs began to reintroduce the species back into Central Asia. In 1992, the Przewalski’s horse was declared extinct in the wild, but thanks to successful breeding programs, they were reintroduced, and there are now approximately 2,000 living wild horses in Mongolia, Kazakhstan, and China.

Przewalski’s Horse Temperament

Przewalski’s horses are known for their independent and solitary temperament. They are social, but they do not form strong bonds like domestic horses. They prefer to live in small groups of three to 20 members and do not interact much with other groups. They have a strong herd instinct and can be unpredictable at times, so approaching them can be challenging.

Przewalski’s Horse Height

Przewalski’s horses are relatively small, with a height range between 12.2 to 14.2 hands (124 to 144 cm) at the shoulder. They weigh between 440 to 880 pounds (200 to 400 kg), making them one of the smallest wild horses.

Przewalski’s Horse Characteristics

Przewalski’s horses have a distinct horizontal stripe across their backs, as well as a dark mane and tail. They have stocky, muscular bodies, with short legs and a large head with a convex profile. They have a thick winter coat that sheds in the summer months, and they are well-adapted to the harsh, arid terrain.

Przewalski’s Horse Lifespan

Przewalski’s horses have a lifespan of around 20 to 25 years. During this time, they spend most of their lives grazing in the grasslands, deserts, and hills of Central Asia. They are also known to be particularly hardy and can survive in extreme weather conditions.

Przewalski’s Horse Colors

Przewalski’s horses are usually brown or reddish-brown in color, but they can vary from dark gray to light tan. They have a distinctive dark stripe that runs from their mane to their tail, and they also have a dark dorsal stripe that runs down their spine.

Przewalski’s Horse Health

Przewalski’s horses are relatively healthy and robust animals, but they can be vulnerable to certain diseases. In the wild, they can contract communicable diseases from domestic animals, and they may suffer from parasitic infections. However, the breeding programs have reduced the risk of illness by isolating the populations and conducting regular veterinary checks.


The Przewalski’s horse is a fascinating animal with an incredibly rich history. Despite their extinction in the wild, the ongoing breeding programs have successfully reintroduced them, and they now live in their natural habitat once again. They may be small, but they are a symbol of strength and resilience, and they are an essential part of our natural world.