Spanish Tarpan Horse


The Spanish Tarpan Horse, also referred to as the Hispano Tarpan or the Spanish horse, is a breed that originated in the Iberian Peninsula. This horse has a rich history in the Spanish culture and is known for its unique temperament, height, and characteristics. In the following article, we will explore everything about the Spanish Tarpan Horse and why it is considered an important breed in the equestrian world.

Spanish Tarpan Horse History

The Spanish Tarpan Horse has a long and fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. It was first introduced to the Iberian Peninsula by the Berber people who traveled from North Africa. Over time, the horses were interbred with other breeds, including the Andalusian horse, which resulted in the Spanish Tarpan Horse we know today.

During the 16th century, the Spanish Tarpan Horse became popular across Europe due to its beauty, stamina, and brave spirit. They were used as war horses and for bullfighting, and were recognized as one of the most versatile breeds. The breed suffered a population decline during the World War II, but efforts have been made to preserve the breed and its unique characteristics.

Spanish Tarpan Horse Temperament

The Spanish Tarpan Horse is known for its docile temperament, making it an ideal breed for beginners and children. Despite its calm nature, it is also fearless and has a strong spirit that makes it excel in various equestrian disciplines. Spanish Tarpan Horses are extremely intelligent and, with proper training and handling, can develop a strong bond with their owner.

Spanish Tarpan Horse Height

The Spanish Tarpan Horse is a medium-sized horse, with males averaging between 15 and 16 hands and females between 14 and 15 hands. However, they are known for their impressive physical capability despite their smaller size.

Spanish Tarpan Horse Characteristics

The Spanish Tarpan Horse has several distinct physical features and characteristics that set it apart from other breeds. They have a narrow, sloping forehead, and a straight or slightly concave profile. The breed has a strong, muscular neck and shoulders, and the chest is deep and broad. Spanish Tarpan Horses also have a short, powerful back and strong hindquarters, which give them impressive speed and agility.

Spanish Tarpan Horse Lifespan

On average, the Spanish Tarpan Horse has a lifespan of between 25 to 30 years. The breed has a relatively low rate of health issues which contributes to their longer lifespan. It is significant to note that regular veterinary check-ups, good nutrition, and proper exercise can have a positive impact on a Spanish Tarpan’s health.

Spanish Tarpan Horse Colors

The Spanish Tarpan Horse is a breed that is associated with a range of coat colors including black, brown, chestnut, and bay. They have a smooth, glossy coat and often exhibit natural highlights and patterns The breed is also known for its beautiful long manes and tails.

Spanish Tarpan Horse Health

Overall, the Spanish Tarpan Horse is a healthy breed with few common health issues. However, like any other breed, they are susceptible to certain health problems such as colic, equine protozoal myeloencephalitis, and respiratory diseases. Regular check-ups by a veterinarian and providing proper diet and exercise can prevent many of these conditions.


In summary, the Spanish Tarpan Horse is a unique and versatile breed that has been in existence for thousands of years. Their impressive history and physical capabilities have made them an ideal breed for various disciplines such as dressage, driving, and show jumping. If you’re looking for a docile, yet intelligent horse that is easy to handle and train, the Spanish Tarpan Horse can be a wise choice.