Yili horse


Yili horse, also known as Ili horse, is a breed of horse that was developed in the Chinese province of Xinjiang. These horses are well-known for their incredible stamina, agility, and versatility. Yili horses were primarily used for agricultural and transportation purposes, but now they are also popular for riding and racing. In this article, we will explore the history, temperament, height, characteristics, lifespan, colors, and health of Yili horse.

Yili horse History

Yili horses have been bred in the Ili River Valley for over a thousand years. These horses are descended from the ancient Turkic horses, which were brought to China during the Tang Dynasty. The breeding of Yili horses was primarily under the control of the local Kazakh herdsmen. These horses were selectively bred to have superior strength and endurance, which allowed them to survive in the harsh environment of the Ili River Valley.

Yili horse Temperament

Yili horses have a gentle nature and are well-suited for experienced horse trainers. They are known for their docility and eagerness to please. They have a strong bond with their handlers, which makes them an excellent choice for people who have a close connection with horses. Yili horses are also very social and love to be in the company of other horses. They are known for their intelligence and quick learning.

Yili horse Height

Yili horses are medium-sized horses. They stand at around 14.2 to 15.2 hands (58 to 62 inches) tall at the shoulder. They have a muscular build, which gives them great strength and endurance.

Yili horse Characteristics

Yili horses are known for their unique features. They have a broad and short head with a slightly convex profile. Their neck is short and muscly, which extends into a broad and muscular chest. Yili horses have short and sturdy legs, which allow them to run fast and efficiently. They have a thick and shiny coat that comes in various colors.

Yili horse Lifespan

The lifespan of Yili horses varies depending on their living conditions, diet, and level of care. However, on average, Yili horses can live up to 25 years. Proper nutrition, regular exercise, and routine health check-ups are essential for prolonging the lifespan of these horses.

Yili horse Colors

Yili horses have a variety of coat colors, including chestnut, black, bay, and grey. Some Yili horses have white markings on their face and legs. The coat of Yili horses is thick and lustrous, which protects them from the harsh environment of the Ili River Valley.

Yili horse Health

Yili horses are generally healthy and robust due to their selective breeding and natural adaptation to the harsh environment. However, like all horse breeds, Yili horses are prone to certain health issues, such as colic, arthritis, and lameness. Proper diet, regular exercise, and quality veterinary care are essential for maintaining the health of Yili horses.


Yili horses are remarkable horses that have been bred for over a thousand years in the Ili River Valley. They have exceptional stamina, agility, and versatility, which makes them an excellent choice for various activities. They have a gentle nature and are known for their intelligence and quick learning. Yili horses come in various colors, have unique features, and live up to 25 years with proper care. They are relatively healthy, but like all horse breeds, they require regular health check-ups and quality care. If you’re planning to own a Yili horse, ensure that you provide them with a proper diet, regular exercise, and quality veterinary care.